To understand the cause of pollution and raise awareness of managing the pollution
Pollution is the addition of any substance or any form of energy to the environment at a faster rate than it can be dispersed, diluted, decomposed, recycled, or stored in any harmless form. Pollution has been a challenge since the time humans started to settle in one place. Pollution is a global concern today which directly influences the future of all the organisms on the earth. In India, National pollution control day is observed on 2nd December annually to commemorate the memory of lives lost in the Bhopal gas tragedy. This year marks the 36th anniversary of the Bhopal gas leak incident where toxic fumes of methyl isocyanate were leaked into the environment from Union carbide India limited plant. The incident has affected five lakh families living in the area and resulted in 3700+ deaths.
National pollution control day aims to create awareness regarding the rising level of air, water, other sectors of pollution and managing and controlling industrial waste. According to WHO, air pollution results in the death of seven million people every year and 9 out of 10 people do not have access to safe air. In India, air pollution is a severe concern. 13 of the world’s 20 cities with the highest annual levels of air pollution are in India. The Central pollution control board, an undertaking of the Ministry of Environment, monitors the air quality and water quality and works on necessary steps to improve and manage the pollution levels. The Indian government also initiated various programmes to mitigate air pollution. Eco-friendly projects like, “The National Clean Air Programme” and “The Great Green Wall of Aravalli”, are being promoted for the development of sustainable living and a better future.
The primary reason for the air and water pollution is due to mismanagement of industrial waste. There is a need to develop stringent recycling systems for the industries to reduce pollution. New budding enterprises that work on reducing pollution and encouraging sustainable have seen success in recent times. These projects include e-waste management, air filtration systems, and water treatment solutions.
When India is struggling to cope up with the COVID pandemic, and raising cases threatening the national capital of India, stubble burning in the neighbouring states is complicating the issue. Researchers have come out with novel methods to overcome this; brining awareness is essential to make such technologies to reach out to farmers. The togetherness and enthusiasm shown by people in protests can be utilised to finding solutions to problems like pollution, among others.
While the cause of pollution is known to everyone, it is raising awareness of managing pollution is the need of the hours. Humanity has the responsibility to leave the planet inhabitable to future generations.